تأثیر مصرف تلفیقی کودهای آلی و زیستی بر درصد پروتئین و بازیافت ظاهری نیتروژن در لوبیا سفید

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجو

2 دانشیار پایه 17 دانشگاه استان مرکزی

3 همکار

چکیده

این آزمایش با هدف بررسی تأثیرات مصرف تلفیقی کودهای آلی و زیستی بر درصد پروتئین و بازیافت ظاهری نیتروژن در لوبیا سفید به صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح پایه بلوک های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار انجام شد. فاکتور اول شامل چهار سطح کود آلی (عدم مصرف، ورمی کمپوست، کود دامی، کمپوست قارچ) و فاکتور دوم شامل چهار سطح کود زیستی (عدم مصرف، مصرف نیتروکسین، کود زیستی بارور2، ترکیب نیتروکسین + بارور2) بود.
یافته ها: نتایج نشان داد که بیشترین عملکرد بیولوژیکی مربوط به نیتروکسین بدون مصرف کود آلی و کمترین مربوط به شاهد (عدم مصرف کود های آلی و زیستی) بود. بیشترین درصد پروتئین مربوط کود بارور2 + کمپوست قارچ بود. کمترین درصد پروتئین متعلق به تیمار عدم مصرف کود زیستی و مصرف کود دامی بود. بیشترین مقدار صفت تعداد دانه در متر مربع مربوط به تیمار کود زیستی نیتروکسین و 5650 کیلوگرم در هکتار کود دامی با میانگین 7/792 و کمترین مقدار این صفت مربوط به شاهد زیستی + ورمی کمپوست با میانگین 438 بود. بیشترین مقدار کارایی مصرف نیتروژن مربوط به تیمار شاهد + کود دامی با میانگین معادل 32/36 و کمترین این مقدار مربوط به تیمار شاهد + شاهد بود. بیشترین مقدار صفت وزن هکتولیتر مربوط به تیمار نیتروکسین + کمپوست قارچ با میانگین 21/88 و کمترین مقدار این صفت متعلق به تیمار بارور – 2 + شاهد بود. بیشترین مقدار صفت بازیافت ظاهری نیتروژن مربوط به تیمار نیتروکسین + ورمی کمپوست و کمترین مقدار این صفت مربوط به شاهد + شاهد بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of integrate application of organic and biological fertilizers on nitrogen percentage and nitrogen appear recovery in white bean

نویسندگان [English]

  • leyla arab-niasar 1
  • mohammad mirzakhani 2
  • karim nozad namin 3
1 student
2 member of faculty
3 همکار
چکیده [English]

.
Background and Objective: This experiment was conducted with the aim of investigating the effects of combined use of organic and biological fertilizers on protein percentage and apparent nitrogen recovery in white beans.
Materials and Methods: An experiment was conducted as a factorial arrangement of treatment in a randomized complete block design with three replications was used. The first factor included four levels (Control, Inoculation with Azotobacter, Inoculation with Barvar-2 and Inoculation with Azotobacter + Barvar-2) and second factor included four levels (Control, Farmyard manure, Mushroom compost and vermicompost).

Results: The results showed that the highest biological performance was related to Nitroxin without using organic fertilizer and the lowest was related to control. The highest percentage of protein was related to fertilizer 2 + mushroom compost. The lowest percentage of protein belonged to the treatment of not using biological fertilizer and using animal manure. The maximum and minimum of nitrogen consumption efficiency were related to control treatment + animal manure with an average of 36.32 and control treatment + control, respectively. The highest value of apparent nitrogen recovery attribute was related to nitroxin + vermicompost treatment and the lowest value of this attribute was related to control + control.

Conclusion:The application of biological fertilizer and organic fertilizer led to a significant increase in the evaluated traits. Therefore, due to the high costs of preparation and consumption of chemical fertilizers, high wastage and leaching, as well as the harmful environmental effects of these fertilizers,

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Barvar
  • Biological
  • yield
  • Hectolitre
  • weight,
  • Nitroxin
Afrasiabi M, Amini Dehaghi M and Modarres Sanavy SAM. 2011. Effect of phosphate biofertilizer Barvar-2 and triple super phosphate fertilizer on yield, quality and nutrient uptake of Medicago scutellata, cv. Robinson, Jouran of Agronomy Sciences, 4(4): 43-54. (In Persian).
Aghababaee Dastjerdi M, Amini-daghi M, Chaeechi MR and Bosaghzadeh Z. 2014. The effect of different fertilization systems on nutrititative and qualitative characteristics medicine forage (Case study: alfalfa and fennel). Journal of Crop Improvment, 16(1):111-125.
Bath SA, Thenua OVS, Shivakumar BG and Malik JK. 2005. Performance of summer green gram [Vigna radiate (L.) Wilczek] as influenced by biofertilizers and phosphorus nutrition. Haryana. Journal of Agronomy, 21: 203-205.
Bremener J M and Mulvaney CS. 1982. Nitrogen total. In. Page, A. L. et. al. Method of soil analysis. Part 2. American Society of Agronomy Inc Madison, Wisconsin USA. 595-624.
Fan X, Lin F and Kumar D. 2004. Fertilization with a new type of coated urea: Evaluation for nitrogen efficiency and yield in winter wheat. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 25: 853-865.
Fatemi Devin R,  Hosseini SB, Moghadam H and Motesharezadeh B. 2020.  Effect of organic and bio-fertilizers and additive and replacement intercropping systems on corn (Zea maize L.) and bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) yields. Iranian Journal of Field Crop Science, 51(4): 133-145. (In Persian).
Ghanbari Kashan M, Mirzakhani M and  Hashemi SAF. 2016. Response of nitrogen physiological efficiency of safflower to animal and chemical fertilizers in Kashan region. Journal of Plant Environmental Physiology, 11(41): 53-64. (In Persian).
Houshmandfar AR, Tehrani MM and Delnavaz Hashemlouyan B. 2008.  The Effects of Different Nitrogen Levels on Grain Protein and the Nitrogen Use Efficiency of Wheat. Journal of Plant and Ecosystem, 15 : 52-62.
Keshaee H. 2015. Effect of biological and organic manures on agronomic traits of Medicago sativa in Aran and Bidgol region. M. Sc thesis in Agronomy. Islamic Azad University, Naragh Branch. 160 pages. (In Persian).
Momeni Fili P, Khoorgami A and Sayyah Far M. 2014. Effect of Vermicompost Biofertilizer and Plant Density on the Yield and Yield Components Soybean in Khorramabad. Crop Physiology Journal, 6(23): 113-127. (In Persian).
Murphy J and Rile J P. 1962. A modified single solution method for determination of phosphate in natural waters. Analytica Chimica Acta, 27: 31-36.
Nelson DW and Sommers LE. 1996. Total carbon, organic carbon, and organic matter. In Sparks, D.L. (Ed.), Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 3. Chemical Methods; SSSA Book Series No. 5; Soil Science Society of America: Madison, Wisconsin, 961-1010.
Olsen SR and Sommers LE. 1982. Phosphorus.pp 413-430. In: A. Klute (ed.) Methods of Soil Analysis. Part1chemical and biological properties. SSSA, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
Rahimzadeh S, Sohrabi Y, Heidari GH and Pirzad AR. 2011. Effect of Biofertilizers Application on some Morphological Characteristics and Yield of Dragonhead (Dracocephalum moldavica L.).  Journal of Hurticultural Science, 25(3): 335-343.   
Rezvani Moghaddam P, Seyedi SM and Azad, M. 2014. Effects of organic, chemical and biological sources of nitrogen on nitrogen use efficiency in black seed (Nigella sativa L.). Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 30(2): 260-274.
Saeednejad AH, Rezvani Moghaddam P, Khazaei HR and Nasiri mahalati M. 2012. Assessment the Effect of Organic Fertilizers, Biofertilizers and Chemical on forage quality of Sorghum. Iranian Journal of Feild Crops Research, 9(4): 623-630. (In Persian)
Sharifi M, Mirzakhani M and Sajedi NA. 2011. Effect Of Nitroxin, Nitrogen And Manure Application On Yield, Nitrogen Use Efficiency And Some Crop Characteristics In Sweet Corn. Journal of New Findings in Agriculture, 6(2): 139-149. (In Persian)
Tadayyon MR and Ghorbaninejad AJ.  2012. Effect of supplementary irrigation and compost application on morphological traits and yield of two chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars. Iranian Journal of Pulses Research,  3(2): 31-44. (In Persian)
Tahami Zarandi SMK, Rezvani Moghaddam P and Jahan M. 2010. Comparison the effect of organic and chemical fertilizers on yield and essential oil percentage of Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.). Journal of Agroecology, 2(1): 63-74. (In Persian)  
Vennila C and C Jayanthi. 2006. Effect of integrated nitrogen management on nitrogen use efficiency in wet seeded rice + daincha dual cropping system. Madras Agricutural Journal, 93 (7-12): 274-277.
yolcen H, Turan M, Lithourgidis A, Cakmakcl R and Koc A. 2011. Effect of plant growth promoting and manure on yield and quality characteristics of Italian ryegrass under semi arid condition. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 5(13): 1730-1736.
Yu L, Tang J, Zhang R, Wu Q and Gong M. 2013. Effects of biochar application on soil methane emission at different soil moisture levels. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 49: 119-128.