عنوان مقاله [English]
Intercropping can be considered as one of the ways to increasing the yield and production stability per unit area. So, in order to investigate yield components and yield as well as competition indices in triticale and winter vetch intercropping under different tillage systems, a split plot design based on randomized complete block with three replications was performed at the Bu-Ali Sina University. Three tillage levels (conventional, reduced and no tillage) were set as main plot and five planting patterns) sole cropping of winter wetch (M) and triticale (T) and intercropping of 50T+50M, 67T+33M and 33T+67M) were considered as sub plot. Results showed that tillage and planting pattern had a significant effect on number of spikes per m-2, number of seeds per spike, 1000-seed weight and biological and grain yield in triticale. Also, such significant impact was recorded for the number of pods per plant, number of seeds per plant, 100-seed weight and biological and grain yield in winter vetch. The highest grain yield for triticale and winter vetch was relvealed at sole cropping under conventional tillage. Highest LER (1.30) and RCC (4.60) were obtained from 50T+50M treatment. The positive values of the aggressivity and the higher values of the competition ratios in 50T+50M treatment for triticale indicates the competitive superiority of triticale over winter vetch or better using of inputs in intercropping. Actual yield loss and intercropping advantage were positive in triticale and winter vetch. This shows the superiority of the intercropping over the sole cultivation of the two species.