Agricultural Statistics. 2021. Crop Products Department. 211 pages. (In Persian).
Ali H, Afzal MN, Ahmad S and Muhammad D. 2009. Effect of cultivars and sowing dates on yield and quality of Gossypium hirsutum L. Crop. Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment, 7(4): 244 - 247.
Asgari SR, Dadashi MR and Feyzbakhsh MT. 2018. Investigation of the effect of plant density on yield and yield components of green pods of four pea cultivars in Gorgan region. Journal of Agricultural Research, 10(2): 97-115. (In Persian).
Bahari M, Pahlavni R, Akbari N and Ehsanzadeh P. 2006. Growth and productivity of dryland chickpea (Cicer arietinum) under varying levels of Fe and Cu in Aligoodarz-Azna, Loretan. Journal Agricultural Science Natural Resource, 12(5): 190-201. (In Persian).
Bahr AA. 2007. Effect of plant density and urea foliar application on yield and yield components of chickpea (Cicer arietinum). Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 3(4): 220-223.
Banjara TR, Pali GP, Kumar Tigga B, Kumar S and Shori A. 2017. Effect of Different Tillage Practices on Growth, Yield and Economics of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under Rainfed Condition of Chhattisgarh. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science, 6(2): 1464-1470.
Barzali M, Javanshir A, Shakiba MR, Moghaddam M and Nourinia A. 2003. Effect of different tillage methods on yield and yield components of soybean in Gorgan region. Journal of Seedling and Seed, 19(2): 173-189. (In Persian).
Dardanelli JL, Balzarini M, Martınez MJ, Cuniberti M, Resnik S, Ramunda SF, Herrero R and Baigorri H. 2006. Soybean maturity groups, environments, and their interaction define mega-environments for seed composition in argentina. Crop Science, 46:1939–1947.
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations). 2020. FAO Production Year Book, 2020. FAO.
Forrestal P, Meisinger J and Kratochvil R. 2014. Winter wheat starter nitrogen management: a preplant soil nitrate test and site-specific nitrogen loss potential. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 78: 1021-1034.
Frade M and Valenciano JB. 2005. Effect of sowing density on the yield and yield components of spring sown irrigated chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) grown in Spain. New Zeal. Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 33: 367-371.
Kabir-fazlul AHM, Bari MN, Abdul-karim MD, Khaliq QA and Uddin-ahmad J. 2009. Effect of sowing time and cultivars on the growth and yield of Chikpea under rainfed condition Bangladesh. Journal of Agricultural Research, 34: 335-342.
Khoshkish F. 2018. The effect of fertile phosphate 2 and Fosamco 4 biological fertilizers on morphophysiological characteristics and yield of two rainfed lentil cultivars. M.Sc Thesis. Lorestan University. (In Persian).
Kiani M, Jahansuz MR and Ahmadi A. 2016. The effect of different tillage methods on vegetative characteristics and yield of several autumn chickpea cultivars. Journal of Crops Improvement, 17(4): 984-977. (In Persian).
Kobraei S, Shams K and Pakzi A. 2010. Effect of cultivar and planting date on grain yield and quantitative traits in chickpea. Journal of Agriculture and Plant Breeding, 6(2): 64-53.
Kouchaki A, Nasiri Mahallati M and Azimzadeh SJ. 2020. The effect of different tillage systems and crop residues on wheat yield of Triticum aestivum L and physical properties of soil in fallow-wheat rotation in Dry conditions. Agricultural Ecology, 12(2): 299-317. (In Persian).
Malhi SS and Lemke R. 2007. Tillage, crop residue and N fertilizer effects on crop yield, nutrient uptake, soil quality and nitrous oxide gas emissions in a second 4-yr rotation cycle. Soil and Tillage Research,
Mansoori-Far S, Shaban M, Ghobadi M and Sabbaghpour SH. 2012. Physiological characteristics of chickpea cultivars under drought stress and nitrogen fertilizer. Iranian Journal of Pulses Research, 3 (1): 53-66. (In Persian).
Mathew R, Feng Y, Githinji L, Ankumah R and Balkcom K. 2012. Impact of no-tillage and conventional tillage systems on soil microbial communities. Journal of Applied and Environmental Soil Science.
Mendani F and Jalilian A. 2019. Evaluation of interaction of planting date and cultivar on different traits of chickpea in Kermanshah climatic conditions. Plant Production Technology, 19(1): 51-37. (In Persian).
Najafi P. 2019. Effect of planting density and supplementary irrigation in flowering and pod stage on yield and yield components of dryland chickpeas in Kermanshah climate. M.Sc Thesis. Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah Branch. (In Persian).
Namdari A, Kanuni H, Ahmadi H and Ismaili A. 2020. Evaluation of some agronomic characteristics in chickpea genotypes in autumn dryland cultivation of Kurdistan province. Iranian Crop Science, 51(2): 14-1. (In Persian).
Namvar A, Seyed-Sharifi R and Khandan T. 2011. Growth analysis and yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in relation to organic and inorganic nitrogen fertilization. Ekologija, 57(3): 97–108.
Oelck MM. 2004. Biotechnoogy- New perspective for future crop production. Acta Horticulture (ISHS),
Pezeshkpour P, Ahmadi A and Daneshvar M. 2014. The effect of planting date on grain yield and grain yield components, regenerative effort and chlorophyll index of leaves and the rate of light penetration in the plant canopy floor, Proceedings of the National Conference on Cereals, 7 p. (In Persian).
Pirzahiri K, Kanoni H and Rokhzadi, 1. 2021. Investigation of the response of some chickpea cultivars to changes in plant density. Scientific Journal of Crop Ecophysiology, 2 (54): 310-293. (In Persian).
Rahimzadeh R and Navid H. 2011. The effect of different tillage methods on clay soil properties and wheat yield in rotation with chickpeas in rainfed conditions. Journal of Agricultural Knowledge and Sustainable Production, 21(1): 41-29. (In Persian).
Sabaghpour SH, Mahmodi AA, Saeed A, Kamel M and Malhotra RS. 2006. Study on chickpea drought tolerance lines under dryland condition of Iran. Indian Journal of Crop Science, 1(2): 70-73.
Safari R. 2018. Investigation of the effect of planting date and application of mepiquat chloride on agrophysiological traits of chickpea cultivars in Kermanshah. M.Sc Thesis. Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah Branch. (In Persian).
Sepaskhah A, Tavakoli AR, Moosavi SF. 2006. Principles of Limited Irrigation. National Committee of Irrigation and Drainage Press of Iran, 288 p. (In Persian).
Seyed Sharifi R, Mohammadi Khaneghah P and Raee Y. 2013. Effect of plant density on yield, yield components and some physiological indices of three chickpea cultivars. Journal of Crop Physiology,
5(20): 25-38. (In Persian).
Seyedi M and Hamzaei S. 2017. Effect of conservation and conventional tillage on weed biodiversity and water and nitrogen use efficiency in single crop and mixed soybean and sunflower cultivation. Journal of Ecological Agriculture, 7 (2): 133-120. (In Persian).
Seyedi S M, Azadbakht A and Fesahat A. 2018. Evaluation of growth characteristics, yield and yield components of three cultivars of chickpea in expected and spring cultivation. Scientific-Research Journal of Agriculture and Plant Breeding, 14(1): 86-73. (In Persian).
Shaban M. 2011. Effect of drought stress and nitrogen fertilizer on yield and yield components of chickpea. M.Sc Thesis. Razi University of Kermanshah. (In Persian).
Shafaroodi A, Valiollahi S and Zavareh M. 2012. Effects of planting date and plant density on leaf area index of two native bean stands. Fifth National Conference on Cereals. Iran. Karaj. 7 p. (In Persian).
Siahkuhian S, Golavi M, Ramroudi M, Nezami A and Heydari M. 2010. Investigation of yield components, yield and grain protein content of autumn chickpea genotypes in Zabol. New Agricultural Findings,
4(1): 70-63. (In Persian).
Tahir NA and Karim HFH. 2011. Determination of Genetic Relationship among Some Varieties of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L) in Sulaimani by RAPD and ISSR Markers. Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences,