Abdel Ghany TM, Alawlaqi MM and Al-Abboud MA, 2013. Role of biofertilizers in agriculture: a brief review, Mycopath, 11(2): 95-101.
Abolhasani M, Tajabadipor A, Lakzian A and Mohammadi H. 2009. Study compatible solute accumulation in alfalfa inoculated with bacteria strains resistant to drought water stress conditions in a greenhouse. Proceedings of the 11th Congress of Soil Science Iran, Gorgan. (In Persian).
Abolhasani M, Lakzian A, Tajabadipour A and Haghnia G, 2010. The study salt and drought tolerance of Sinorhizobium bacteria to the adaptation to alkaline condition. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 4(5): 882-886.
Alikhani HA and Saleh–Rastin N, 2002. Symbiotical characteristics of indigenous sinorhizobium meliloti strains from some Iranian soils and their variations in the different levels of salinity. 17th WCSS, 14-21 August 2002, Thailand, Paper no1518: 1– 9.
Amooaghaie R and Nikandish F. 2015. Effect of root inoculation of two alfalfa cultivars with strains of Bacillus and Sinorhizobium species on growth, chlorophyll content and cell membrane stability under salinity stress. Journal of Plant Resarchers, 28(1): 140- 152. (In Persian).
Anthraper A and Dubois JD, 2003. The effect of NaCl on growth, N fixation (acetylene reduction), and percentage of total nitrogen in Leucaena leucocephala (Leguminosae) Var. K. 81. Journal Botany, 90(5): 683-692.
Appunu C, Sen D, Singh M and Dhar K, 2007. Variation in symbiotic performance of Bradyrhizobium japonicum strains and soybean cultivars under field conditions. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 9: 185-190.
Binam. 2013. Statistics report of Ministry of Agriculture- jahad. Volume I: crops. Publication of Department of Planning and Economy Center for Information and Communication Technology. (In Persian).
Bohrani J and Eizadfar R. 1998. Total dry matter protein and leaf yields of different alfalfa cultivars at Bajgah. Iranian Journal of Crop Sciences, 1(2): 22-30. (In Persian).
Bottomley PJ and Dughri MH, 1989. Population size and distribution of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. Trifolii in relation to total soil bacteria and soil depth. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 55:959-964.
Brewin NJ, 1991. Development of the root nodule. Annual Review of Cell Biology, 44: 363-368.
Brockwel J, Bottomley PJ and Thies JE, 1995. Manipulation of rhizobia microflora for improving legume productivity and soil fertility: a critical assessment. Plant and Soil, 174: 143-180.
Claudine F, Kristina L and Claudine E, 2009. Nitrogen-fixing bacteria associated with leguminous and non-leguminous plants. Plant Soil, 321:35–59.
Cordovilla MDP, Ocana A, Ligero F and Luch C, 2003. Salinity effects on growth analysis and nutrient composition in four grain legumes-rhizobium symbiosis. Journal Plant Nutrition, 18: 1595-1609.
El-gizawy NKhB and Mehasen SAS, 2009. Response of faba bean to biomineral phosphorus fertilizers and foliar applicationwith zinc. World Applied Sciences Journal, 6(10): 1359-1365.
Embalomatis A, Papacosta DK and KatinaKis P, 1994. Evaluation of Rhizobium meliloti strains isolated from indigenous populations in northen Greece. Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences, 172: 73-80.
Evelin H, Kapoor R and Giri B, 2009. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in alleviation of salt stress. A review, Annals of Botany, 104: 1263–1280.
Fazaeli A and Besharati H. 2012. Effect of salinity on some growth indices and total protein content of alfalfa genotypes inoculated with Sinorhizobium meliloti strains under greenhouse conditions. Journal Science and Technology Greenhouse Culture, 3(9): 25- 38. (In Persian).
Fougere F, Rudulier DL and Streeter JG, 1991. Effect of salt stress on amino acid, organic acid, and carbohydrate composition of roots, bacteroids, and cytosol of Alfalfa (Medicago sativsa L.). Journal Plant Physiology, 96: 1228-1236.
Jebera M, Elarbi M, Ridha Mhamfi A, Ghrir R and Mars M, 2000. Effect of salt on sinorhizobium sp. isolates from Tunisia in vitro or in association with Medicago sp. Agriculture, 9(2): 99-102.
Ghasem F, Poustini K, Besharati H, Mohammadi VA, Abooei Mehrizi F and Goettfert M, 2012. Pre-incubation of Sinorhizobium meliloti with Luteolin, Methyl jasmonate and Genistein Affecting Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) Growth Nodulation and Nitrogen Fixation under Salt Stress Conditions. Journal Agriculture Science Technology, 14: 1255-1264.
Ghasem F, Pustini K, Besharati H and Mohammadi V. 2010. Symbiotic Effectiveness and Salt Tolerance of Indigenous Populations of Medicago sativa Rhizobia from Tehran and Zanjan Soils. Iranian Journal of Field Crop Science, 41(1): 141-153. (In Persian).
Gomaa AM and Magda HM, 2007. Application of bio organic agriculture and its effect on Guar (Cyamopsis tetragonolobal).World Journal of Agricultural Science, 3(1):91-96.
Homaee M, Feddes RA and Dirksen C, 2002. A macroscopic water extraction model for non uniform transient salinity and water stress. Soil Science Socity America Journal, 66: 1764-1772.
Howieson JG and Mclnnes A, 2001. The legume-rhizobia symbiosis. Does it vary for the tropics relative to the Mediterranean basin? Proceedings of the XIX International Grasslands congress, Brazilian Journal of Animal Gaide, WRS Matto and SC da Silva (eds.). pp. 585-590.
Jansen van Rensburg H and Strijdom BW, 1985. Effectivness of Rhizobium strains used in inoculants after their introduction into soil. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 49: 127- 131.
Kavazi K, Rahimian H, Malakouti MJ and Salehrastin N. 2005. Check range of micronutrients in alfalfa fields in Hamedan province. Pp: 134- 144. In: Kavazi K, Asadi H and Malakouti MJ (eds). Necessity for the production of biofertilizers in iran. Publication of Soil and Water Research Institute. (In Persian).
Krishnaredy SV and Ahlawat IPS, 2008. Growth and yield responses of lentil cultivars to phosphorus, zinc and biofertilizers. Journal of Agriculture and Crop Science, 177(1):49-59.
Lugtenberg B and Kamilova F, 2009. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria. Annual Review of Microbiology, 63: 541-556.
Malakouti MJ and Geibi M. 1997. Determination of critical levels of strategic plants and advice the proper nutrient fertilizers in iran. Publication of Soil and Water Research Institute. (In Persian).
Memarzadeh M. 1988. Compare the performance of 10 Iranian and foreign alfalfa cultivars under irrigated conditions. Publication of Agriculture and Natural Resources Research Center of East Azarbaijan province. (In Persian).
Miransari M and Smith DL, 2007. Overcoming the Stress ful Effects of Salinity and Acidity on Soybean [Glycine max (L.)Merr.] Nodulation and Yields Using Signal Molecule Genistein under Field Conditions. Journal Plant Nutrition, 30: 1967–1992.
Miransari M and Smith DL, 2009. Alleviating Salt Stress on Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merril)-Bradyrhizobium japonicum Symbiosis, Using Signal Molecule Genistein. Euroupan Journal of Soil Biology, 45: 146-152.
Mofidian M, Mokhtarzadeh A, Monirifar H, Beheshti A and Sori J. 2012. Determination of forage productivity potential of cold- region alfalfa ecotypes in cold and mild – cold areas. Agronomy Journal (Pajouhesh and Sazandegi), 94: 50-59. (In Persian).
Monirifar H and Mofidian M. 2008. Evaluation of cold regions alfalfa ecotypes. Journal of Agricultural Sciences Islamic Azad University of Tabriz, 7(2): 63- 74. (In Persian).
Munns R, 2002. Utilizing genetic resources to enhance productivity of salt-prone land. Nutrition and Natural Resources, 2: 1-11.
Okazaki S, Nukui N, Sagawara M and Minamisawa K, 2004. Rhizobial strategies to enhance symbiotic interactions: Rhizobiotoxin and 1-aminocyclopropane 1- carboxylate Deaminase. Microbes Environment, 19(2): 99-111.
Pazira E and Homaee M, 2003. Salt affected resources in Iranian extension and reclamation. Journal of Experimental Botany, 54- 59.
Peng Y, Gao Z, Gao Y, Liu G, Sheng L and Wang D, 2008. Ecophysiological characteristics of alfalfa seedlings in response to various mixed salt alkaline stresses. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, 50: 29-39.
Peoples MB, Faizah AW, Rerkasem B and Herridge DF, 1989. Methods for evaluating nitrogen fixation by nodulated legumes in the field. Australian Center for International Agricultural Research.
Prevost D and Antoun H, 2007. Root nodule bacteria and symbiotic nitrogen fixation. Pp. 379-398. In: Carter MR Gregorich EG (eds). Soil sampling and methods of analysis. CRC Press, Florida.
Prevóst O and Bromfield ESP, 2003. Diversity of symbiotic rhizobia resident in Canadian soils. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 83: 311-319.
Povorov NA and Vorobev NI, 1998. The role of interstrain competition in the evolution of genetically polymorphic populations of nodule bacteria. Genetika, 34: 1712-1719.
Peter J, Cerny V and Hruska L, 1988. Yield formation in the main field crop. Publishing House Checoslavaki, 380-390.
Shannon M, 1984. Breeding selection and genetics of salt tolerance. PP. 300-308. In: Staples RC and Toenniessen GH (Eds.), Salinity Tolerance in Plants: Strategies for Crop Improvement, Wiley, New York.
Shamseldin A, 2005. Improvement of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) nodulation by selected rhizobial strains from Egyptian soils through genotypic characterization, symbiotic effectiveness and competitiveness under salt stress conditions. Thesis for degree of PhD.
Sheraz MS, Hassan GI, Samoon SA, Rather HA, Dar SA and Zehra B, 2010. Bio-fertiliszers in organic agriculture. Journal Phytology, 2:42-54.
Smith DL and Hamel C, 2005. Crops yield, physiology and processes. Springer-verlag, Berlin, Germany.
Somasegaran PO and Hoben HY, 1994. Handbook for rhizobia: Method in legume Rhizobium technology. Springer-Verlag, New York.
Tejera NA, Soussi M and Lluch C, 2006. Physiological and nutritional indicators of tolerance to salinity in chickpea plants growing under symbiotic conditions. Environmental Experiment Botany, 58: 17-24.
Thies JE, Singleton PW and Bohlool BB, 1991. Influence of size of indigenous rhizobial populations on establishment and symbiotic performance of introduced rhizobia on field grown legumes. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 57: 19-28.
Thies JE, Woomer PL and Singleton PW, 1995. Enrichment of bradyrhizobium spp. Populations in soil due to cropping of the homologous host legume. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 27: 633-636.
Vincent JM, 1970. A manual for the practical study of root- nodule bacteria. I.B.P. Handbook, No.15. Blackwell Scientific Publication, Oxford.
Volence JJ, Cherny JH and Johnson KD, 1987. Yield components, plant morphology, and forage quality of alfalfa as influenced by plant population. Crop Science, 27: 321-326
Waissmann Assdian N and Miyamoto S, 1987. Salt effects on alfalfa Seedling emergence. Agronomy Journal, 79: 710-714.
Wang D, Yang S, Tang F and Zhu H, 2012. Symbiosis specificity in the legume – rhizobial Mutualism. Cellular Microbiology, 14(3): 334–342.
Yuegao H and Cash D, 2009. Global status and development trends of alfalfa. P: 1-15. In Cash, D. (ed.) Alfalfa management guide for Ningxia. FAO, Yinchuan, Ningxia, People’s Republic of China.
Zahran HH and Sprent JI, 1986. Effect of sodium chloride and polyethylene glycol on root hair infection and nodulation of Vicia faba L. plants by Rhizobium leguminosarum. Planta, 167: 303-309.
Zahran HM, 1999. Rhizobium-legume symbiosis and nitrogen fixation under severe conditions and in arid climate. Microbial and Molecular Biology Reviews, 968-989.
Zahran HH, 1992. Conditions for successful rhizobium legume symbiosis in saline environments. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 12: 73-80.
Zhao-Hai Z, Wen-Xin C, Yue-Gao H, Xin-Hua S and Dan-Ming C, 2007. Screening for highly effective Sinorhizobium meliloti strains for vector alfalfa and testing of its competitive nodulation ability in the field. Pedosphere, 17: 219- 228.