عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد بالنگوی شهری(Lallemantia iberica Fisch. et Mey) در کشت مخلوط با انیسون(.Pimpinella anisum L) تحت آلودگی علف‌های‌هرز

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی


گروه اکوفیزیولوژی گیاهی، دانشکده‌‌ی کشاورزی، دانشگاه تبریز


      توجه به گیاهان دارویی در تأمین سلامت بشر و ایجاد تنوع در اکوسیستم­های کشاورزی و همچنین تأثیر این گیاهان روی کنترل علف‌های هرز یک عامل مؤثر در طراحی سیستم­های کشاورزی مطلوب می­باشد. در این راستا آزمایشی به‌منظور بررسی عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد بالنگوی شهری (قَرَه­زَرک) در کشت مخلوط با انیسون در حضورعلف­های هرز انجام گرفت. این پژوهش در قالب آزمایش فاکتوریل بر پایه طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی اجرا گردید. فاکتور اول شامل کنترل علف‌های هرز در دو سطح (عاری از علف‌­هرز و آلوده به علف‌هرز) و فاکتور دوم شامل سه سطح کشت مخلوط افزایشی جزئی در جهت بالنگوی شهری با نسبت‌های ٢۰ درصد بالنگوی شهری و تراکم مطلوب انیسون، ۴۰ درصد بالنگوی شهری و تراکم مطلوب انیسون و ۶۰ درصد بالنگوی شهری و تراکم مطلوب انیسون و دو سطح کشت خالص بالنگوی شهری و انیسون در نظرگرفته شد. نتایج آزمایش نشان داد که اثر الگوی­کشت بر وزن خشک علف­های هرز در سطح احتمال 5 درصد معنی­دار بود. همچنین ترکیب تیماری کشت مخلوط 100:20 (بالنگوی‌شهری – انیسون) و عاری از علف­هرز مناسب­ترین ترکیب تیماری بود. بیشترین عملکرد دانه نیز در ترکیب تیماری کشت خالص عاری از علف­هرز بدست آمد. کلیه تیمارهای کشت‌مخلوط،  LER  وRVT  بالاتری نسبت به کشت‌خالص هردو گونه داشتند. لازم به ذکر است که بالنگوی­شهری حتی با وجود آلوده بودن به علف‌هرز توانسته عملکردی قابل توجه از نظر اقتصادی تولید کند.


عنوان مقاله [English]

Yield and Yield Components of Lallemantia (Lallemantia iberica Fisch. et Mey) intercropped with Anise (Pimpinella anisum L.) under Weed Infestation

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi Malekzadeh
  • Jalil Shafagh-Kalvanagh
  • Saeed zehtab Salmasi
  • Safar Nasrollahzadeh
  • Adel Dabbagh Mohammadi Nasab
چکیده [English]

         Medicinal plants are used for human health and creating diversity in agricultural ecosystems and have impact on the weed control. In this context, an experiment in order to evaluate the yield and yield components of lallemantia in intercropping with anise was carried out. The research was conducted as factorial experiment based on randomized complete block design. The first factor was weed control (Free of weeds and weed infested) and the second factor included three levels of intercropping as slight increase in the direction lallemantia with ratios of 20% lallemantia and anise favorable density ,40% lallemantia  and anise favorable density and 60%  lallemantia and anise favorable density and monocropping of both species. The results showed that planting pattern effect on weed dry weight was significant at the 5% level. Also intercropping 20: 100 (lallemantia – anise) and Free of the weed was the most suitable treatment. The highest grain yield in monocropping under weed Free condition was obtained. In all intercropping, LER and RVT were higher than both monocropping. It should be noted that the lallemantia even with weedy condition could produce yield economically.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Anise
  • Intercropping
  • Lallemantia
  • Planting Pattern
  • Weed
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