تاثیر سطوح مختلف محلولپاشی متانول بر سیب‌زمینی بهاره تحت مدیریت کودی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 زراعت - دانشکده کشاورزی- زابل- ایران

2 گروه اگرواکولوژی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل

3 گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل

چکیده

     به منظور بررسی سطوح مختلف محلولپاشی متانول بر سیب‌زمینی بهاره تحت مدیریت کودی آزمایشی به صورت اسپلیت‌ پلات در قالب طرح پایه بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در سال 1395 در مزرعه آموزشی در شهرستان هیرمند انجام شد. تیمارهای آزمایش شامل 7 سطح کودی شامل 100 درصد کود NPK، ورمی‌کمپوست، کود دامی، کود نانو، تلفیقی از 50 درصد کود NPK + 50 درصد ورمی‌‌کمپوست، 50 درصد کود NPK + 50 درصد کود دامی و 50 درصد کود NPK + 50 درصد کود نانو به عنوان عامل اصلی و سطوح مختلف متانول در چهار سطح صفر، 10، 20 و 30 درصد حجمی به عنوان عامل فرعی بودند. نتایج حاصل از تجزیه واریانس داده­های آزمایش نشان داد که اثر متقابل مدیریت کودی و محلول‌پاشی متانول تاثیر معنی­دار بر تمامی صفات مورد مطالعه به جز روز تا 50 درصد گلدهی، روز تا پوشش کامل، روز تا رسیدگی و کربوهیدارت غده داشت. ﻧﺘﺎﯾﺞ ﻣﻘﺎﯾﺴﻪ ﻣﯿﺎﻧﮕﯿﻦ اثرات متقابل نشان داد که در تیمار کاربرد تلفیقی کود شیمیایی و نانو بهمراه مصرف 20 درصد حجمی متانول بیشترین میزان عملکرد غده بزرگ و عملکرد کل (05/28 تن در هکتار) بدست آمد. همچنین بیشترین میزان کربوهیدرات و کمترین میزان کاتالاز و پراکسیداز از این تیمار کودی بدست آمد. می‌توان نتیجه گیری کرد که برای افزایش و بهبود ویژگی‌های کمی و کیفی سیب‌زمینی کاربرد تلفیقی کود شیمیایی و نانو بهمراه محلولپاشی 20 درصد حجمی متانول قابل توصیه است.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Different Levels of Methanol on Spring Planting Potato Under Fertilizer Manegement

نویسندگان [English]

  • Marziyeh Khammari 1
  • Ahmad Ghanbari 2
  • Mahdi Dahmardeh 2
  • Mohsen Mousavi'nik 3
1 Agronomy- Faculty of Agriculture - Zabol-Iran
چکیده [English]

       In order to study the different levels of methanol foliar application on spring potato under experimental fertilizer management in 2016 in a training farm in Hirmand, split-plot experiment was conducted in a completely randomized block design with three replications. Experimental treatments consisted of 7 levels of fertilizer including 100% NPK fertilizer vermicompost manure nano fertilizer a combination of 50 percent NPK + 50 percent vermicompost 50 percent NPK + 50 percent manure Manure and 50% NPK fertilizer + 50% of nano fertilizer were the main factors and different levels of methanol at four levels (0 10 20 and 30 volumes) as a minor. The results of analysis of variance of the test data showed that the interaction of fertilizer management and methanol foliar application had a significant effect on all traits except day to 50% flowering day to day full coverage day to tuber mature and carbohydrate of the tuber. The results of the comparison of the mean interactions showed that in the application fertilizer and nano of combined with 20% volumetric methanol consumption the highest large tuber and total yield (28.05 t.ha-1) were obtained. Also highest amount of carbohydrates and the lowest amount of catalaze and peroxidase were obtained from this treatment. It can be concluded that for increasing and improving the quantitative and qualitative properties of potato the use of fertilizer and nano of combined with 20% volumetric methanol solution is recommended.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Ascorbate
  • Carbohydrate
  • Flowering
  • Manure
  • Peroxidase
  • Tuber Yield
  • Water Stress
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