اثر کود ورمی کمپوست بر برخی ویژگی های رشدی و بیوشیمیایی بادرشبی (.Dracocephalun moldavica L) تحت تنش شوری آب

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه مراغه

2 گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تبریز

چکیده

شوری از مهم­ترین تنش­های غیر­زیستی است  که اثرات منفی زیادی بر رشد گیاهان دارد. مقدار بالای سدیم برای اغلب گونه­های گیاهی سمی بوده و رشد  گیاه را تحت تاثیر قرار می­دهد. به منظور بررسی اثر تنش شوری آب آبیاری و کود ورمی­کمپوست بر ویژگی­های کمی و کیفی گیاه بادرشبی آزمایشی در سال زراعی 1396در گلخانه پژوهشی دانشگده کشاورزی، دانشگاه مراغه بصورت گلدانی انجام شد. آزمایش به­صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی با چهار تکرار اجرا گردید. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل تنش شوری در چهار سطح صفر، 50، 100 و150 میلی­مولار کلرید سدیم و ورمی­کمپوست در چهار سطح شاهد (بدون مصرف کود)، 5، 10، 15 درصد وزنی بود. نتایج نشان داد که در شرایط بدون تنش شوری، کاربرد کود ورمی­کمپوست منجر به افزایش معنی­دار ارتفاع بوته، وزن تر کل بوته، وزن خشک کل بوته، تعداد برگ، کلروفیل­ها و درصد پروتئین شد. بیشترین کربوهیدرات محلول (547/3 میکرو گرم در وزن تر)، در سطح شوری 150 میلی­مولار کلرید سدیم و کاربرد 15 درصد کود مشاهده گردید. کمترین مقدار پرولین مربوط به تیمار شاهد شوری (بدون تنش) با کاربرد 15 درصد وزنی و  نیز کمترین مقدار سدیم (3/1 درصد) مربوط به اعمال تنش شاهد (بدون تنش) و کاربرد 15 درصد ورمی کمپوست بود. نتایج به دست آمده حاکی از آن است که کاربرد ورمی کمپوست باعث افزایش معنی دار در تمام صفات  کمی و کیفی اندازه­گیری شده به جز پرولین شد. بنابراین استفاده از ورمی­کمپوست، می­تواند روش مناسبی در جهت کاهش اثرات منفی سمیت کلرید سدیم بر رشد این گیاه در شرایط آبیاری با آب شور و توسعه کشاورزی پایدار باشد.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Vermicompost on Some Growth and Biochemical Characteristic of Dracocephalum moldavica L. under Water Salinity Stress

نویسندگان [English]

  • Gholamreza Gohari 1
  • Asghar Mohammadi 1
  • Habib Duathi Kazemnia 2
چکیده [English]

Salinity is one of the most important abiotic stresses which has several negative effect on plant growth. The high levels of sodium which is toxic to most varieties of plants species, and more importantly affect plant growth and limit the plants yield cappcity. In order to investigate the effect of vermicompost and salinity stress on quantitative and qualitative characteristics of (Dracocephalum moldavica L) the greenhouse experiment was conducted in 2016 at research greenhouse, agricultural sciences of University Maragheh. The study was conducted in a completely randomized block design. Experimental factors comprised salinity levels (0,50, 100 and 150 mM NaCl) and vermicompost (0, 5, 10 and 15 %(v/v)) with four replications per treatment. The results showed that application of vermicompost increased plant height, leaf number, chlorophyll content index, dry weight per plant, fresh weight per plant and protein content. Most soluble carbohydrates were found at the 150 mM salinity and 15% vermicompost. Furthermore, the lowest amount of proline (1/444 μ g/wt) related to the control plants and 15 %(v/v) vermicompost. The results showed that all studied traits were affected by different fertilizer treatments. Therefore, using vermicompost can be a suitable method for reducing the effects of high sodium chloride concentration on growth of this plant in saline soils.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bio-Fertilizer، Growth Characteristics
  • Medicinal Plants
  • Salinity stress
  • Organic Fertilizers
  • Photosynthetic pigments
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